How are write-off and write-down different?

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Written-off and written-down are two words that are frequently used interchangeably to denote the depreciation of an asset’s value. Regardless matter the type of business you own, there is a good likelihood that it has assets. Almost every business has at least some assets to its name. Generally speaking, assets are things that have monetary value. These include things such as cash, equipment, materials, real estate, and even patents or other types of intellectual property.

Write-offs and write-downs are similar in that they both involve reducing the value of an asset; however, they are not always the same thing. Write-offs and write-downs are intended to serve distinct reasons in different situations. When you’re recording,


A write-off is a reduction in the worth of something that has been recognized.

The acknowledgment of a reduced or zero value for an asset is known as a write-down in accounting. This is reflected as a reduction in taxable income on income tax statements due to the acknowledgment of certain expenses incurred in the production of the revenue.


A write-off is a cost that can be claimed as a tax deduction on your income tax return. The overall revenue of a small business is reduced by tax write-offs in order to establish the total taxable income of the business.

Qualifying write-offs must be necessary to the operation of a business and common in the industry in which the business operates. It is not necessary to have a write-off be absolutely necessary, but it must be regarded a regular business expense that contributes to the operation of the business, according to the Internal Revenue Service.

The majority of business expenses are tax deductible, either in full or in part. Small business owners strive to deduct as many costs as possible from their taxable income in order to reduce the amount of tax they owe.

A firm must be profitable in order to be able to deduct its business expenses from its income. A “hobby” business that is not operated for the purpose of profit cannot deduct its expenses from the owner’s income taxes.

What is the process by which banks write off bad debt?

Considering that their loan portfolios are their most valuable assets and a source of future revenue, banks would rather never have to write down bad debt. Toxic loans, on the other hand, are loans that are either unable to be collected or are excessively difficult to collect. These debts reflect adversely on a bank’s financial accounts and might divert resources away from other profitable activities such as lending.

In order to eliminate loans from their balance sheets and reduce their overall tax burden, banks use write-offs, which are sometimes known as “charge-offs.”

If, on the other hand, a bad debt is written down,  a portion of the bad debt value is retained as an asset since the corporation anticipates recovering it. Part of the amount that the corporation does not anticipate collecting is wiped out by the accounting department.

Think about a bank extending an offer to a customer who want to pay off their debt through a settlement arrangement. If the customer does not meet their debt obligations, the bank may make them a one-time settlement offer of 50% of the amount. Accepted payments are transferred from Accounts Receivable to Cash, whereas delinquent payments are written off, with the amount credited to Accounts Receivable and debited to Allowance for Doubtful Accounts, or expensed to the bad debt expense account, depending on how much was paid. For more debt discussion, proceed here הליך מחיקת חובות